Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Toni Schmader

Toni Schmader

In my research, I seek to understand the interplay between self and social identity, particularly when one's social identity is accorded lower status or is targeted by negative stereotypes. In exploring these issues, my research draws upon and extends existing work on social stigma, social justice, social cognition, intergroup emotion, self-esteem, and motivation and performance. My ongoing research examines three related questions:

(1) How and when do members of lower status groups psychologically disengage their self-esteem from outcomes they receive in stereotype relevant domains?

(2) What variables mediate and moderate the inhibiting effects of stereotype threat on an individual's performance?

(3) When and why do people feel ashamed or guilty for the negative actions of their ingroup?

Primary Interests:

  • Emotion, Mood, Affect
  • Intergroup Relations
  • Prejudice and Stereotyping
  • Self and Identity

Research Group or Laboratory:

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Journal Articles:

Other Publications:

  • Forbes, C., Schmader, T., & Allen, J. J. B. (2008). Error monitoring in an intellectually threatening environment. Social Cognitive Affective Neuroscience.
  • Iyer, A., Schmader, T., & Lickel, B. (2007). Why individuals protest the perceived transgressions of their country: The role of anger, shame, and guilt. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 572-587.
  • Johns, M., Schmader, T., & Martens, A. (2005). Knowing is half the battle: Teaching stereotype threat as a means of improving women’s math performance. Psychological Science, 16, 175-179.
  • Lickel, B., Schmader, T., Curtis, M., Scarnier, M., & Ames, D. R. (2005). Vicarious shame and guilt. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 8, 145-157.

Courses Taught:

  • Advanced Social Psychology: Prejudice
  • Causes and Consequences of Prejudice
  • Introductory Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • The Science of Personality

Toni Schmader
Department of Psychology
2136 West Mall
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4

  • Phone: (604) 822-4826
  • Fax: (604) 822-6923

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